The Endocannabinoid system is a central regulatory system that affects a wide range of biological processes. It consists of a group of molecules known as Cannabinoids as well as the Cannabinoid receptors that they bind to. Although Cannabis is a source of over sixty Cannabinoids (including THC and CBD [see below]) the human body produces a number of Cannabinoids as well. These endogenous Cannabinoids include Anandamide and 2-Arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) and are present in all human beings.
Decades of scientific research on the Endocannabinoid system has resulted in the discovery of two types of Cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2. These receptors are found in various parts of the body, but are most prominent in the brain and immune system. Cannabinoid receptors act as binding sites for endogenous Cannabinoids as well as Cannabinoids found in Cannabis. When Cannabinoids bind to CB1 or CB2 receptors, they act to change the way the body functions. While Cannabinoid receptors are primarily expressed in the brain and immune system, researchers have identified Cannabinoid receptors in a variety of other places as well, including the peripheral nervous system, cardiovascular system, reproductive system and gastrointestinal and urinary tracts. Cannabinoid receptors continue to be identified in unique parts of the body as research on the Endocannabinoid system progresses.
Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is one of over 60 chemicals called cannabinoids found in Cannabis
THC acts on the Endocannabinoid system of the human body to elicit its effects
THC is produced by the female Cannabis plant
THC acts mostly on the brain and is responsible for the 'high' that users experience
THC is medically beneficial in a long list of disorders
THC is non-toxic
To date, there is little conclusive evidence of any long-term side effects of THC
What is CBD?
Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of over 60 chemicals called cannabinoids found in Cannabis
CBD levels vary by strain
CBD doesn’t get you 'high' – it is not a psychoactive substance
CBD counteracts some of the psychoactive effects of THC
CBD is non-toxic
Studies show that CBD has medical potential in a long list of disorders